Bariatric surgery for obesity is becoming more common in India. Obesity is a growing health concern in India, and bariatric surgery is seen as an effective treatment option for those who are severely obese and have not been able to lose weight through diet and exercise.
Bariatric surgery is a type of weight loss surgery. That involves making changes to the digestive system to help a person lose weight. There are different types of surgery procedures available, including gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, and gastric banding.
In recent years, there has been an increase in the number of hospitals and clinics offering bariatric surgery in India. And the quality of care and expertise available has improved. This has made bariatric surgery more accessible to people in India who may be struggling with obesity.
It is important to note that bariatric surgery is a major surgical procedure and should only be considered after other weight loss methods have been tried and have not been successful. Additionally, it is important to work with a qualified and experienced bariatric surgeon and to follow a comprehensive weight loss plan. That includes diet and exercise changes before and after the surgery.
Overview of Obesity in India
According to a 2017 study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association. The prevalence of obesity in India has tripled since 2000, with over 135 million Indians now classified as obese or overweight.
Obesity is a major risk factor for a number of chronic diseases, including diabetes, heart disease, and certain cancers.
In India, obesity is often associated with a higher socioeconomic status and urbanization.
Types of Bariatric Surgery
The most common types of bariatric surgery performed in India are gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, and gastric banding.
Gastric bypass surgery involves dividing the stomach into two parts and rerouting the small intestine to the smaller upper portion of the stomach. This reduces the amount of food a person can eat and decreases the absorption of calories and nutrients.
To generate a smaller, banana-shaped stomach, a piece of the stomach is removed during a sleeve gastrectomy. This limits how much food a person may consume and lowers the amount of the hunger hormone ghrelin that is produced.
An adjustable band is wrapped around the top portion of the stomach during gastric banding. Resulting in a condensed food pouch. The band may be changed over time to limit how much food a person can consume.
Cost and Accessibility of Bariatric Surgery in India
The cost of bariatric surgery in India is generally lower than in many other countries. Such as the United States or Europe.
However, the cost can vary depending on the type of procedure. The hospital or clinic, and the qualifications and experience of the surgeon.
Many major hospitals in India now offer bariatric surgery. And there are also specialized clinics and centers that focus on obesity and weight loss.
The quality of care and expertise available in India for surgery has improved in recent years. With many highly trained and experienced surgeons available.
Risks and Considerations of Bariatric Surgery
Bariatric surgery is a major surgical procedure and carries some risks, including bleeding, infection, and blood clots.
Additionally, there may be complications related to the digestive system, such as bowel obstruction, dumping syndrome, or nutrient deficiencies.
Bariatric surgery is generally recommended for people who have a body mass index (BMI) of 40 or higher. Or a BMI of 35 or higher with obesity-related health problems.
It is important to work with a qualified and experienced bariatric surgeon and to follow a comprehensive weight loss plan before and after the surgery. Including dietary and exercise changes, to ensure the best outcomes.
Pre-operative Evaluation and Eligibility Criteria
Before undergoing bariatric surgery, a patient is typically evaluated by a bariatric surgeon to determine their eligibility for the procedure.
In addition to BMI, other factors that may be considered. Include the patient’s overall health, medical history, and any obesity-related health problems they may have.
Patients may also be required to undergo various tests, such as blood tests, imaging tests, and psychological evaluations, to ensure they are healthy enough to undergo surgery. And to help identify any potential complications.
Post-operative Care and Follow-up
Following bariatric surgery, patients typically need to make significant changes to their diet and lifestyle to support their weight loss and overall health.
Patients may need to follow a liquid or soft food diet in the first few weeks after surgery. Gradually transitioning to solid foods over time.
Patients may also need to take supplements, such as multivitamins and calcium, to help prevent nutrient deficiencies.
Regular follow-up appointments with the bariatric surgeon and/or a registered dietitian are typically recommended to monitor progress, identify any complications. And make any necessary adjustments to the patient’s diet and medication regimen.
Outcomes and Success Rates
Bariatric surgery can be highly effective in helping people lose weight and improve their overall health.
According to a study published in the Indian Journal of Surgery in 2017, bariatric surgery led to an average weight loss of 60-70% of excess weight over a period of two years.
Gastric surgery has also been shown to improve or resolve a number of obesity-related health problems. Such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and sleep apnea.
However, it is important to note that the success of surgery depends on the Patient’s commitment to making Lifestyle changes and following a Comprehensive weight loss plan.
Bariatric surgery is becoming more common in India as a treatment option for severe obesity.
The cost and Accessibility of bariatric surgery in India is generally lower than in many other countries. And the quality of care and Expertise available has improved in recent years.
Bariatric surgery can be highly effective in helping people lose weight and improve their overall health. But it is important to work with a Qualified and experienced Bariatric surgeon and to follow a Comprehensive weight loss plan before and after the surgery to ensure the best outcomes.
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